Demand for seperate state in India - brief preview

 With the resolution of creation for Telangana state as the 29th state of India, various demand for seperate state in India has escalated in almost all parts of the country. Some of the demand for seperate state may be listed below:-

Telangana is a new proposed state to be formed out of the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. The city of Hyderabad would serve as the joint capital of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for ten years.[2][3] On 30 July 2013, the ruling Congress party resolved to request the Central government to make steps in accordance with the Constitution to form a separate state of Telangana (the 29th independent state of Republic of India), within a definite timeframe. The timeline for the creation of the new state involves an elaborate process, which has been allotted 122 days, or at least four months.[4][5] The split has to be approved by the Parliament of India before the state is officially created.

VIDARBHA (MAHARASHTRA)-----Population: 20.6 Million
Vidarbha is a region that comprises the Amravati and Nagpur divisions of eastern Maharashtra. The State Reorganization Act of 1956 placed Vidarbha in Bombay State. Shortly after this, the state reorganisation commission recommended the creation of "Vidarbha state" with Nagpur as the capital, but instead it was included in Maharashtra state, which was formed on 1 May 1960.

Support for a separate state of Vidarbha had been expressed by Loknayak Bapuji Aney and Brijlal Biyani Vidarbha. The demand for the creation of a separate state are based on allegations of neglect by the Maharashtra state government. Jambuwantrao Dhote led a popular struggle for Vidarbha statehood in the 1970s. Two politicians, N.K.P. Salve and Vasant Sathe, have led 21st century attempts to bring about a state of Vidarbha.

HARIT PRADESH (UTTAR PRADESH) ----Population: 50 mn
Harit Pradesh is a proposed state, which would comprise 22 districts of Western Uttar Pradesh, currently forming six divisions – Agra, Aligarh, Bareilly, Meerut, Moradabad, and Saharanpur. The main reason for the demand for a separate state is the perceived cultural and economical differences between eastern and western Uttar Pradesh, in that the western part resembles Haryana and Rajasthan more than it does eastern Uttar Pradesh. The most prominent advocate for the creation of the new state is Ajit Singh, the leader of the Rashtriya Lok Dal party. Mayawati also supported the formation of Harit Pradesh in December 2009.

PURVANCHAL (UTTAR PRADESH)-----Population ---60.6 mn
Purvanchal is a geographic region of north-central India, which comprises the eastern end of Uttar Pradesh state. It is bounded by Nepal to the north, Bihar state to the east, Bagelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh state to the south, the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh to the west. Purvanchal comprises three divisions – Awadhi region in the west, Bhojpuri region in the east and the Baghelkhand region in the south.

The most commonly spoken language in Purvanchal is Bhojpuri.

Purvanchal area is represented by 23 Members of Parliament to the lower house of Indian Parliament, and 117 legislators in the 403 member Uttar Pradesh state assembly or Vidhan Sabha. Districts-Azamgarh, Ballia, Chandauli, Deoria, Ghazipur, Gorakhpur, Jaunpur, Kushinagar, Maharajganj, Mau, Mirzapur, Sant Kabir Nagar, Sant Ravidas Nagar, Siddharth Nagar, Varanasi.

As a fallout of Telangana creation movement, Mayawati proposed on 13 Dec 2009 to carve Purvanchal out of Uttar Pradesh. Current movement for Purvanchal is spearheaded by famous politician Amar Singh.

BUNDELKHAND----Population  --50 mn
Bundelkhand comprises parts of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.It is proposed to constitute 13 districts from the two states with 10Members of Parliament.

LADAKH(J & K)-----Population --1.5 mn
Ladakh, comprising a sizeable chunk of eastern Jammu and Kashmir, has asked for Union Territory status as part of a desire to protect its Buddhist culture from the influence of the mainly Muslim Kashmir Valley.

GORKHALAND (WEST BENGAL)----Population --3 mn
Gorkhaland is a proposed state covering areas inhabited by the Gorkha people, namely Darjeeling hills and Dooars in the northern part of West Bengal.The movement for Gorkhaland has gained momentum in the line of ethno-linguistic-cultural sentiment of the people who desire to identify themselves as Gorkha.

The demand for a separate administrative region has existed since 1907, when the Hillmen's Association of Darjeeling submitted a memorandum to the Morley-Minto reforms committee. After Indian independence, the Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League (ABGL) was the first political party from the region to demand greater identity for the Gorkha ethnic group and economic freedom for the community. In 1980, the Pranta Parishad of Darjeeling wrote to the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, with the need to form a state for the Gorkhas.

The movement for a separate state of Gorkhaland gained serious momentum during the 1980s, when a violent agitation was carried out by Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF) led by Subhash Ghising. The agitation ultimately led to the establishment of a semiautonomous body in 1988 called the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC) to govern certain areas of Darjeeling district. However, in 2008, a new party called the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) raised the demand for a separate state of Gorkhaland once again.[25] In 2011, GJM signed an agreement with the state and central governments for the formation of Gorkhaland Territorial Administration, a semiautonomous body that replaced the DGHC in the Darjeeling hills.

With the resolution of the creation for Telangana state within AP, the protest for seperate state has escalated once again.

BODOLAND (ASSAM)-------Population---3 mn
The agitation for the creation of a separate Bodoland state resulted in an agreement between the Indian Government, the Assam state government and the Bodo Liberation Tigers Force. Per that agreement of 10 February 2003, the Bodoland Territorial Council, an entity subordinate to the government of Assam, was created to govern four districts covering 3082 Bodo-majority villages in Assam.Elections to the council were held on 13 May 2003, and Hagrama Mahillary was sworn in as chief of the 46-member council on 4 June 2003.

With the resolution of the creation for Telangana state within AP, the protest for seperate state has escalated once again.

KUKILAND (MANIPUR)----Population--about 4 lakhs (approx.)
The Kuki Hills was an independent hill country dominated by the Kuki tribes during the pre-British colonial period. It was merged by the colonial power into Manipur. The Kuki people under the leadership of Kuki State Demand Committee(KSDC) demand statehood for the Kuki's in Manipur , i.e. Sadar Hills, Chandel, Churachandpur districts and some parts of Ukhrul and Tamenglong districts to be formed as Kukiland. The movement has been going on for few years with mass protest for a demand state on and off. The KSDC resorted to strikes and economic blockade in the Highways of Manipur pressing the Govt. for their demand.

Compiled from: wikipedia, Newsweek, IndiaToday.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Comments not related to the topic will be removed immediately.

Recent Posts

Popular Posts



Thangkhal Bible in Mobile

Mobile phone a Thangkhal NT Bible koih ding dan

Read Thangkhal NT Bible




TBCWD TOUR 24-Sept-2022
Kulhvum Prayer

Blog Archive